HomeTravelTenganan Pegringsingan Village Not Married to Outsiders, Why?
Tenganan Pegringsingan Village Not Married to Outsiders, Why?
5 November 2022
Tenganan Pegringsingan Village, located in Manggis District, Karangasem Regency, Bali, has a unique tradition and is different from other traditional villages in Bali. One of them is the application of endogamous marriage law, which requires its citizens to marry fellow residents of Tenganan Pegringsingan Village.
Kelian Traditional Village Tenganan Pegringsingan I Putu Yudiana said the regulation was related to inheritance rights. Men and women of Tenganan Pegringsingan Village have the same inheritance rights as long as they are married to fellow local villagers. However, if the woman marries outside the village, her inheritance rights will be lost.
“If a woman from Tenganan Pegringsingan marries outside the village, then at that time their rights will be lost. If one day the woman is divorced, then she will not be allowed to return to her parents’ house in Tenganan Pegringsingan. said Yudiana, Monday (31/10/2022).
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Meanwhile, if a man from Tenganan Pegringsingan Village marries someone outside the village, then they will be referred to as krama or residents of Gumi Pulangan Village. They are still allowed to live in Tenganan Pegringsingan Village and still get inheritance rights. However, their traditional obligations are different from the manners of the Tenganan Pegringsingan Traditional Village.
Yudiana explained, the person referred to as the krama of the Tenganan Pegringsingan Traditional Village is a husband and wife who both come from the Tenganan Pegringsingan Village. However, if someone is polygamous even with fellow Tenganan Pegringsingan residents, they will still enter as Gumi Pulangan manners.
The rights and obligations between the manners of the Tenganan Pegringsingan Traditional Village and the manners of Gumi Pulungan are related to the fathers in the village. Those who are entitled to become kelian traditional villages are only residents who are married to fellow residents of Tenganan Pegringsingan Village. Meanwhile, Gumi going home is not allowed.
“In Tenganan Pegringsingan, anyone has the right to become a member of the traditional village as long as they follow the existing rules, namely marrying fellow residents of Tenganan Pegringsingan Village,” said Yudiana.
The atmosphere in Tenganan Pegringsingan Village, Manggis District, Karangasem Regency, Bali. (photo: I Wayan Selamat Juniasa/detikBali) Photo: The atmosphere in Tenganan Pegringsingan Village, Manggis District, Karangasem Regency, Bali. (photo: I Wayan Selamat Juniasa/detikBali)
Yudiana added, the rules of a traditional village krama of Tenganan Pegringsingan are sorted based on who gets married first. This means that those who are married first have a higher position in the traditional village. The order of marriage 1-5 is referred to as luanan, i.e. elders or advisory councils in traditional villages.
Then the marriage order 6-11 is referred to as the first material that is entitled to the customary village kelian. Furthermore, 12-17 is referred to as tebenan material. Next, the order of marriage from 18 onwards is referred to as nyama tebanan.
All the manners of the Tenganan Pegringsingan Traditional Village have their respective duties based on the order of their marriage. The most decisive is the order of marriage 6-11, namely Kelian Desa Adat.
“However, the order of marriage will change if their child gets married. For example, for now I am in the order of marriage number 10. If my child is married, then my position will be down to krama Gumi Pulangan. My son will replace me as krama desa adat as long as he is married to a fellow resident of Tenganan Pegringsingan Village, but enters from the lowest marriage order. Meanwhile, the vacant number 10 that belongs to me will be filled by serial number 11. And so on, “said Yudiana.
Tenganan Pegringsingan, Tourism Village ‘Ancient Bali’ Photo: (Sui Suadnyana/detikcom)
Rights and obligations
In addition, the manners of the Tenganan Pegringsingan Traditional Village also have higher rights than the manners of the Gumi Pulangan. For example, those who participate in the adat village of Tenganan Pegringsingan, every month are entitled to a minimum of 50 kilograms of rice per head of family (KK) during normal months.
Meanwhile, during special months such as month 1 based on the Tenganan calendar, krama will get 100 kilograms of rice per family. Next, at month 5, they get 200 kilograms per family.
Unlike the case with the Gumi Homecoming manners. They only get rice twice a year with the amount of 25 kilograms per household.
Although the customary law rules in Tenganan Pegringsingan Village are quite strict, with the current developments, quite a lot of people marry outside the village or take them from outside the village.
“Because this is not an obligation. But every parent hopes that their children will marry fellow residents of Tenganan Pegringsingan Village because this is related to the rights and obligations (in traditional villages) later,” he concluded.
The article has been published in detikBali.
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