How did early humans cultivate crops? Let’s Listen


The Cipari Archaeological Park, which is located in Kuningan, is a witness to how ancient humans at that time cultivated crops. What’s it like?

The prehistoric site located in Cipari Village, Cigugur District, Kuningan Regency is the site with the most complete collection of objects from the megalithic era. Ranging from small jewelry to large stone monuments such as menhirs and stone altars, can be found easily in this place.

Monitoring at the location, it seems that there is one object that often escapes the attention of visitors. The object is a dakon stone or stone mortar. A large stone with seven holes on the surface.

Manager of the Cipari Archaeological Park, Suma explained, dakon stones function as a medium for pounding herbs and medicines. In addition, this object is also suspected of being used to pound agricultural products.

“Its function is for the media in the process of making potions and medicines. In addition, this object is often used in ceremonies to worship their ancestors,” said Suma during a conversation.

stone axes and dakon stones to cultivate agriculture by early humans Photo: Fathnur Rohman/detikJabar

The Cipari site itself can be said to be quite a unique place when viewed from a historical perspective. This is because the area with an area of ​​7000 square meters surrounded by stone walls as high as 2 meters has experienced two settlement periods.

It is estimated that from the range of 1000 to 500 years BC, this place has two cultural patterns, namely the Neolithic period and the introduction of early bronze materials. Where, the prehistoric people at that time were familiar with farming systems and were supported by fertile soil conditions.

Even though the pattern of growing food at that time was still very simple, it is almost certain that in the farming process the people used equipment.

He explained that stone axes, which have a smooth surface and some rough edges, are useful as agricultural processing tools.

“This stone ax is made of selt stone soil types such as chert, quartz, jasper chalcedony and boundary stone,” said Suma.

Considering that at that time, ancient humans were familiar with farming systems, so their living habits slowly changed. That is, during the megalithic period they lived in groups and settled in one area, such as the Cipari area.

This is also reinforced by the discovery of ancient pottery which is an important aspect to describe human life at that time.

“The findings of this pottery appear to have been produced by themselves, because there were also materials mixed between clay and sand. The function of the pottery itself was as a tool for household needs and burial supplies,” he said.

However, further research is needed to find out how the prehistoric people actually farmed. Moreover, they lived in an era that did not recognize writing at all.

Now all the ancient objects in the Cipari Site are still stored neatly, both in the museum and in the park area. If interested in visiting, tourists can travel 35 km from Cirebon City using motorbikes or public transportation.


This article has been published in detikJabar and can be read in full here.

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