The GOVERNMENT is one step ahead in eroding the digital divide by distributing digital infrastructure evenly across all regions in Indonesia. The Minister of Communication and Information, Johnny G. Plate, said that the procurement of multifunctional satellites can help the Government complete the target of providing internet service access.
According to Johnny, the Telecommunications and Information Accessibility Agency (BAKTI) of the Ministry of Communications and Informatics has the task of connecting the connectivity of service access points that are not yet connected.
“Broadband backbone network, we have deployed 360,000 km of optical fiber on land and seabed. If we hold the tip and go around the earth, it is 9 times the length. Is it enough? Not yet! Therefore, we still have to connect all the points that have not been connected so that the data flow can be distributed properly and evenly. Not all of us can connect to fiber optic networks in Indonesia, so we have to combine it with a microwave link in the form of satellite communication,” explained the Minister of Communication and Information.
According to Johnny, in order to optimize satellite communication services, the Ministry of Communication and Informatics chooses the latest technology and is in accordance with the needs of the islands at the equator.
“For satellite procurement, I have asked to prepare so that the next satellite is a satellite with software defined satellite technology, namely a satellite whose service area can be set through its software upstream. Well, we will study it and hopefully this new technology will provide or enabling even more competitive satellite prices,” he explained.
The Minister of Communication and Information explained that HBS is a backup for SATRIA-I using very high-throughput technology, which is being built and scheduled for completion in mid 2023. The HBS satellite also provides additional capacity for internet network infrastructure.
“In terms of bandwidth, HTS with this new technology has a capacity equivalent to the SATRIA-I Satellite. To be clear, this 150 Gbps is used by BAKTI Kominfo of 80 and more will be used by countries around ASEAN. PSN’s own use is to replace the need for the Nusantara-2 Satellite, which failed to put into orbit in April 2020 ago,” he explained.
Johnny emphasized that he had considered technical aspects by operators, users, and satellite manufacturing factories.
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“It’s definitely been calculated, analyzed properly. So it’s clear, yes, this satellite is Ka-band, while Telkom’s satellite is Ku-band and C-band, so they won’t interfere with each other,” he said.
The President Director of BAKTI, Ministry of Communication and Informatics, Anang Latif, explained that the HBS financing scheme with SATRIA-1 was different. HBS financing directly from BAKTI Ministry of Communication and Informatics. Meanwhile, SATRIA-1 comes from a consortium or investor.
“For SATRIA-1, we need investors for our HBS to use direct financing from BAKTI itself because this is actually also intended to replace USO BTS whose lease contracts will expire in 2024. So we will use BAKTI which is USO funds for this purpose. ,” he explained.
Anang emphasized that the procurement of this satellite will provide benefits for BAKTI of the Ministry of Communications and Informatics, which is tasked with bridging the gap in telecommunication access in Indonesia.
“The hope is that with the presence of two satellites in 2023, it will certainly increase the availability of bandwidth so that internet services become more adequate, more feasible. So that the digital transformation process that has been prepared not only by Kominfo, but also with other ministries and institutions in the government can certainly be smoother,” he hoped.
Currently, BAKTI Ministry of Communication and Informatics has built more than 3000 BTS 4G Towers and internet access at almost more than 17,000 points. As many as 95% of access using satellites that are above the territory of Indonesia.
“All the facilities available for satellites that are above the territory of Indonesia, all of their capacity has been used up, so that later with the presence of SATRIA-I and its Hot Backup, this will certainly support bandwidth needs, which currently feel very lacking,” said Anang.
After announcing the appointment of the winner for the Hot Backup Satellite procurement on Friday (11/3), the Telecommunication and Information Accessibility Agency signed a contract for the procurement of the HBS backup satellite with the Nusantara Jaya Partnership consortium consisting of PT Satelit Nusantara Lima, PT DSST Mas Gemilang, PT Pasifik Satelit Nusantara, and PT Palapa Satellite Nusa Sejahtera. (RO/OL-7)