Ukraine became the world’s spotlight after the Russian invasion. Here are seven Ukrainian facts.
The conflict between Russia and Ukraine broke out after Moscow troops started the invasion by deploying troops to the Ukrainian state border. The conflict did not just appear in the middle of the relationship between the two.
quote BBC, Russia-Ukraine relations have existed since the Kingdom of Kievan Rus. The kingdom was founded by Viking descendants in the East Slavic lands of the Rurik dynasty in Novgorod (now Russia).
In the 9th century AD, the legendary leader Oleg moved the capital from Novgorod to Kiev. Then in 11 AD, Kiev became the leading political and cultural center in Eastern Europe.
In addition, here are other facts about Ukraine summarized from various sources:
1. Was united with Russia
In the annals of the Cold War, before 1990, the Ukrainians and Russians united in a federation called the Soviet Union.
After Germany lost and World War II ended, the Soviet Union had influence in eastern Europe. That is the reason why the countries of the eastern European continent eventually also became Communist countries.
At that time, the communist countries of the Cold War era were classified as the Eastern Bloc. The Soviet Union and its allies created their own Defense Pact on May 14, 1955, called the Warsaw Pact.
2. The land of ancient castles, forts and churches
quote world Atlas, Ukraine has an extraordinary rich history and culture. The country has six cultural heritages and one natural UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Many of Ukraine’s cities have a long history and well-preserved historical centers. Beautiful churches fill the city. Ukraine also has many castles and forts that are a reminder of the country’s past glory.
3. The largest producer of sunflower seeds and wheat
Ukraine has vast tracts of land dedicated to sunflower plantations. It is estimated that the total area of Ukrainian sunflower farms could cover the entire Slovenian area of 20,271 sq km.
Moreover, Ukraine, known for centuries as Europe’s granary, is a major supplier of wheat to countries from North Africa and the Middle East to Southeast Asia.
Among the crops, wheat plays the most important role as a staple food source for residents of countries that depend on imports from Ukraine.
According to estimates, about 35% of Ukrainian wheat is cultivated in the east of the country, on lands between the capital Kyiv (Kiev) and the separatist areas on the Russian border, which are most vulnerable to invasion from Moscow.
4. The second deepest subway station in the world
Arsenalna Station in the capital Kiev is the second deepest train station in the world with a depth of 105.5 meters below the surface.
For passengers taking the subway at Arsenalna station, they have to take two long escalators to the underground which takes about five minutes.
The unusual depth of the station is due mainly to the geography of the City of Kiev. The main entrance to the station is located above a steep valley adjacent to the Dnieper River where the high bank of the river rises above the rest of the city.
5. Have a ghost town
The deadliest nuclear disaster of all time, the Chernobyl disaster, occurred in Ukraine in 1986. The site of this disaster is located in northern Ukraine and is part of the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone.
After the deadly disaster, a number of cities were abandoned and became ‘ghost towns’ as happened in the city of Pripyat.
6. The largest country in Europe
Map of Ukraine Photo: Getty Images/filo
Ukraine is the second largest country in Europe, only behind Russia. Ukraine has a total area of 603,628 sq km stretching from Russia in the east to Poland in the west, with the Black Sea stretching along its southern border.
Ukraine is almost three times the size of the UK and beats the second largest country, France, with 50,000 sq km.
Meanwhile, Russia has an area of 17.09 million sq km. Rounding out the other top five, in third to fifth are France, Spain and Sweden.
7. The oldest coffee shop in Europe is in Ukraine
Ukraine and Austria both claim to be the first to create European coffee shops. It is believed that Yuri Kulczycki, a Ukrainian war hero, brewed the first cup of coffee in Vienna, Austria in the 1680s.
Today, the intense Ukrainian coffee culture is evident in Lviv, a Medieval city, which is now home to hundreds of coffee shops.
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