7 Ukraine Facts: Europe’s Bread Barn, Has a Ghost Town

Jakarta

Ukraine became the world’s spotlight after the Russian invasion. Here are seven Ukrainian facts.

The conflict between Russia and Ukraine broke out after Moscow troops started the invasion by deploying troops to the Ukrainian state border. The conflict did not just appear in the middle of the relationship between the two.

quote BBC, Russia-Ukraine relations have existed since the Kingdom of Kievan Rus. The kingdom was founded by Viking descendants in the East Slavic lands of the Rurik dynasty in Novgorod (now Russia).

In the 9th century AD, the legendary leader Oleg moved the capital from Novgorod to Kiev. Then in 11 AD, Kiev became the leading political and cultural center in Eastern Europe.

In addition, here are other facts about Ukraine summarized from various sources:

1. Was united with Russia

In the annals of the Cold War, before 1990, the Ukrainians and Russians united in a federation called the Soviet Union.

After Germany lost and World War II ended, the Soviet Union had influence in eastern Europe. That is the reason why the countries of the eastern European continent eventually also became Communist countries.

At that time, the communist countries of the Cold War era were classified as the Eastern Bloc. The Soviet Union and its allies created their own Defense Pact on May 14, 1955, called the Warsaw Pact.

2. The land of ancient castles, forts and churches

quote world Atlas, Ukraine has an extraordinary rich history and culture. The country has six cultural heritages and one natural UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Many of Ukraine’s cities have a long history and well-preserved historical centers. Beautiful churches fill the city. Ukraine also has many castles and forts that are a reminder of the country’s past glory.

3. The largest producer of sunflower seeds and wheat

Ukraine has vast tracts of land dedicated to sunflower plantations. It is estimated that the total area of ​​Ukrainian sunflower farms could cover the entire Slovenian area of ​​20,271 sq km.

Moreover, Ukraine, known for centuries as Europe’s granary, is a major supplier of wheat to countries from North Africa and the Middle East to Southeast Asia.

Among the crops, wheat plays the most important role as a staple food source for residents of countries that depend on imports from Ukraine.

According to estimates, about 35% of Ukrainian wheat is cultivated in the east of the country, on lands between the capital Kyiv (Kiev) and the separatist areas on the Russian border, which are most vulnerable to invasion from Moscow.

4. The second deepest subway station in the world

Arsenalna Station in the capital Kiev is the second deepest train station in the world with a depth of 105.5 meters below the surface.

For passengers taking the subway at Arsenalna station, they have to take two long escalators to the underground which takes about five minutes.

The unusual depth of the station is due mainly to the geography of the City of Kiev. The main entrance to the station is located above a steep valley adjacent to the Dnieper River where the high bank of the river rises above the rest of the city.

5. Have a ghost town

The deadliest nuclear disaster of all time, the Chernobyl disaster, occurred in Ukraine in 1986. The site of this disaster is located in northern Ukraine and is part of the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone.

After the deadly disaster, a number of cities were abandoned and became ‘ghost towns’ as happened in the city of Pripyat.

6. The largest country in Europe

Map of Ukraine Photo: Getty Images/filo

Ukraine is the second largest country in Europe, only behind Russia. Ukraine has a total area of ​​603,628 sq km stretching from Russia in the east to Poland in the west, with the Black Sea stretching along its southern border.

Ukraine is almost three times the size of the UK and beats the second largest country, France, with 50,000 sq km.

Meanwhile, Russia has an area of ​​17.09 million sq km. Rounding out the other top five, in third to fifth are France, Spain and Sweden.

7. The oldest coffee shop in Europe is in Ukraine

Ukraine and Austria both claim to be the first to create European coffee shops. It is believed that Yuri Kulczycki, a Ukrainian war hero, brewed the first cup of coffee in Vienna, Austria in the 1680s.

Today, the intense Ukrainian coffee culture is evident in Lviv, a Medieval city, which is now home to hundreds of coffee shops.

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Are Halal Herbs and Herbal Medicines Consumed? This is the MUI explanation

Jakarta

Herbs and herbal medicines are often an alternative choice besides taking chemical drugs. However, not all herbs and herbal medicines are halal.

Jamu has long been used as herbal medicine to treat various diseases. Moreover, in Indonesia, many herbal concoctions are intended to maintain health as well as treat diseases with herbal ingredients.

During the Covid-19 pandemic, herbal medicine is on the rise again. Many people look for herbal concoctions to strengthen their immune system to prevent exposure to viruses. Moreover, if you look at the raw materials that come from natural ingredients, herbal medicine is believed to have milder side effects than chemical drugs.

Even though they come from natural ingredients, are herbs and herbal medicines guaranteed to be halal?

Herbal Medicine Photo: Getty Images/iStockphoto/marilyna

Reporting from Halal MUI (28/2) most herbs or herbal medicines produced in Indonesia utilize a variety of plants and spices that are believed to have many benefits, such as ginger, turmeric, lemongrass, and so on. Basically, these plants or spices are included in the list of non-critical products, aka halal. However, it will be a different story if these materials undergo processing.

To determine whether a herbal medicine product is halal or not, it is necessary to first confirm the raw materials, especially for mass-produced herbal medicine. Herbal medicine is also usually mixed with other ingredients that may come from animals. So it must be ensured that the mixed ingredients come from halal animals slaughtered according to sharia.

It should also be noted that there are herbs that use a mixture of ingredients from the organs of wild animals. So that its halal status can be doubted, or even become haram for consumption for Muslims.

Ir. Muti Arintawati, M.Sc., Deputy Director of LPPOM MUI, explained that there are herbal medicines from China, which are widely used for patients after major surgery. For example, for mothers after cesarean section, or patients with appendicitis surgery. That said, consuming herbs or traditional Chinese medicine can speed up wound recovery.

“After reading the ingredients carefully, it turns out that herbs or medicines called herbs also contain animal ingredients. Among them are snake blood, crocodile tangkur, tiger nails, bear liver, and so on,” said Muti.

Apart from raw materials, another thing to consider is capsules for packaging herbal medicine. The capsule shell material is generally made of gelatin, and most gelatin is made from animals.

“Until now, there is no producer that produces collagen commercially in Indonesia. Nearly 60% of the world’s use of collagen and gelatin comes from pigs,” said Dr. Mala Nurimala, S.Pi., M.Sc., Lecturer of the Department of Aquatic Products Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, IPB University as well as a researcher at the Halal Science Center of IPB.

Herbal medicine production facilities are also noteworthy. “Some companies use third-party facilities. This third party may receive orders not only from one company. This means, one factory can produce for ten companies,” explained Muti.

JamuHerbal Medicine Photo: Getty Images/iStockphoto/marilyna

Furthermore, Muti explained that there is a possibility in one factory there are products made from halal, some contain unclean ingredients. If contamination occurs, it can cause products that were previously halal to become contaminated with najis, so that the law becomes non-halal.

Based on the guidance of the Qur’an and Sunnah, it is actually very easy to determine the halalness of a drug. This is especially true for herbs and herbal medicines, where all plants (except those that are harmful) are guaranteed to be halal for consumption.

However, the involvement of rapidly evolving technology and free trade make this assessment difficult. There are many aspects that must be met and reviewed by experts before traditional medicines and herbs are declared halal.

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The Story of Sukabumi Residents Become Collectors of Thousands of Antiques, What’s the Reason?


Sukabumi

Old school items don’t always turn into junk when they are no longer used. At least that’s what a collector from Sukabumi feels. Here’s the story:

In the eyes of Yudi Julianto (53) these items have historical value which is a silent witness in his time. Starting from batik jarik cloth, old school baskets, radios to documents, Yudi’s collection is material.

Since 1996, he began to pursue antiques and became a full-fledged collector. To detikTravel, Yudi said, collecting antiques departed from his childhood memories.

Since childhood, he was very happy to pass the heritage building. Unexpectedly, his hobby has gradually become his hobby and passion until now. The collection of antiques was also motivated by his fellow collectors.

“Because I’m really passionate about it, since I was a kid, I have a hobby of looking at things and seeing historical buildings. It just so happens that it’s a difficult hobby,” said Yudi when he was met some time ago.

Antique Collector from Sukabumi Photo: Siti Fatimah/detikTravel

His collection of antiques already has around thousands of types. About 14 years ago, he began to focus on collecting antiques that have a relationship with the City of Sukabumi.

Some of the collections are displayed at the Wisma Wardani Building as a form of participation in the Soekaboemi Exhibition of the past and Beauty of Sukabumi Tourism Masata which is open to the public until today, Sunday (27/2/2022).

“I was inspired by my friend in Jakarta, he collects Sukabumi items, a private collection of Goalpara tea filters. I thought, how come Goalpara is in Sukabumi, I’m a Sukabumi when I can’t afford to eat (don’t have one), from there I was motivated to save Sukabumi goods,” he said.

Sukabumi Antique CollectorSukabumi Antique Collector Photo: Siti Fatimah/detikTravel

“What is clear is that one of my collections, I collect items in the form of artifacts that have a history related to the City of Sukabumi. Now it turns out that there are Sukabumi values, I am grateful to be able to educate about history,” he continued.

Several collections that have historical value in the City of Sukabumi, such as receipts from the Gementee Zieken Huis hospital (now Syamsudin Hospital), Goalpara tea filters, milk containers from the Victoria hotel (currently Djuang 45 Building), old plantation stocks and several portraits of cinema, street and the activities of ancient people.

“That’s the silent witness, I happened to save when someone related to Sukabumi City. We have a history that in Sukabumi City we have this, you can also educate the younger generation,” he explained.

Next up: Antiques Related to Mystics?


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